Biological Science

The Biological Science Program at Gavilan Community College provides a quality education that emphasizes critical thinking skills for all students (Majors and Non-majors). Our primary goals are to prepare students to transfer to a 4-year college, enter programs that require our courses as prerequisites, and prepare students for possible employment upon completing certificate and/or graduating with an A.S. degree. It is also our intent to encourage our students to gain practical experience in biological science by working with our faculty and local industry. Students completing the courses will have satisfied requirements for physical and biological sciences. Recommended preparation for the major requirements listed. 1 One year of high school chemistry or CHEM 30A (Elementary Chemistry) or equivalent, and/or Bio 10 or equivalent. 2. At a minimum be eligible to enter ENGL 250 and ENGL 260. 3.Two years of high school math or MATH 233.
Learning Outcome(s):
  1. Use raw experimental data to conduct statistical analysis, and present conclusions in a graphical and narrative form.
  2. Find, select and evaluate various types of scientific information including primary research articles, mass media sources and world-wide web information.
  3. Effectively communicate scientific concepts in both written and oral formats.
  4. Identify the evolutionary processes that lead to adaptation and biological diversity.
  5. Describe the relationship between life forms and their environment and ecosystems.
  6. Explain the basic structures and fundamental processes of life at molecular, cellular and organismal levels.
  7. Demonstrate the correct operating procedures in the use of common lab equipment such as compound microscopes, spectrophotometer, pH meter, electrophoresis gel apparatus, micropipetters, and centrifuges.
Requirements:
Units: 17
BIOT 103
Biotechnology Lab Skills and Instrumentation (Active)
4
BIOT 104
Seminar in Biotechnology (Active)
1
BIO 10
Principles of Biology (Active)
4
CHEM 30A
Elementary Chemistry (Active)
4
CHEM 30B
Elementary Organic and Biochemistry (Active)
4
Total: 17

.

.


This certificate program allows students to attain essential skills in biotechnology and provides opportunities to learn basic laboratory procedures, how to record data, perform basic calculations and write laboratory reports. Students also learn about careers and ethical issues in biotechnology. Career Options: Careers for those with a Biotechnology Certificate of Achievement would be animal care technician, assay analyst, laboratory assistant or technician, manufacturing technician, QA/QC technician. In addition to the biotechnology industry, jobs for technicians may be found in environmental testing labs, forensic labs, hospitals, plant pathology labs, research labs and wineries.
Requirements:
Units: 17
BIOT 103
Biotechnology Lab Skills and Instrumentation (Active)
4
BIOT 104
Seminar in Biotechnology (Active)
1
BIO 10
Principles of Biology (Active)
4
CHEM 30A
Elementary Chemistry (Active)
4
CHEM 30B
Elementary Organic and Biochemistry (Active)
4
Total: 17

.

.


BIO 1Cell and Molecular Biology (5.0)Active
3.0 Lecture, 6.0 Lab. A general biology course with an emphasis on the structure and function of cells, biological molecules, homeostasis, cell respiration, photosynthesis, cell life cycle and its controls, cellular communication, Mendelian and non- classical genetics, evolution and diversity of life. The philosophy of science, methods of scientific inquiry and experimental design are foundational to the course. The course is required for students majoring in biology and/or its subcategories (e.g., plant or animal sciences). (C-ID: BIO 190) PREREQUISITE: Biology 10 or Biology 12 or Environmental Science 1 with a grade of 'C' or better, or one year of high school AP or Honors Biology with a grade of 'B' or better completed within the last five years, and Chemistry 1A and Mathematics 240 with a grade of 'C' or better. ADVISORY: Eligible for English 250 and English 260. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Fall 2019.
BIO 2Organismal Biology (5.0)Active
3.0 Lecture, 6.0 Lab. This course is the second in a two-semester sequence exploring the basic biology and diversity of unicellular and multicellular organisms. Topics include general biological principles, classification, structure, function and evolutionary adaptations of organisms (including plants, fungi, animals, and unicellular organisms) to their environments. (C-ID: BIOL 140) PREREQUISITE: Bio 1 with a grade of 'C' or better. ADVISORY: Eligible for English 1A. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Fall 2019.
BIO 4General Zoology (4.0)Active
3.0 Lecture, 3.0 Lab. General Zoology is designed for students exploring a career and majoring in Biology. This course uses the animal model to introduce the principles of evolutionary biology. Zoology explores animal diversity and considers the selection pressures of nature that direct animal form and function. Topics include mechanisms of evolution, animal life cycles, embryological development, comparative morphology and physiology, taxonomy and systematics, molecular and morphological phylogeny, ecological principles, organismal behavior and its place in the natural world. PREREQUISITE: Mathematics 240 with a grade of 'C' or better. ADVISORY: Chemistry 1A, Biology 1 and eligible for English 250 and English 260. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Fall 2016.
BIO 5General Botany (4.0)Active
3.0 Lecture, 3.0 Lab. General Botany is designed for students majoring in biology and/or its related disciplines. This course introduces the evolution and diversity of botanical organisms and begins with a brief review of plant like organisms (protista and fungi) and continues with an emphasis in the plant kingdom for the remainder of the course. The course will include topics such as life cycles, embroyonic development, morphology, physiology, taxonomy and plant systematics. Principles of population ecology, community ecology, ecosystems interactions, biotechnology and agriculture are highlighted in this course. (C-ID: BIOL 155) PREREQUISITE: Mathematics 235 or Mathematics 240 with a grade of 'C' or better. ADVISORY: Chemistry 1A, Biological Science 1, and eligible for English 250 and English 260. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Spring 2016.
BIO 7Human Anatomy (4.0)Active
2.0 Lecture, 6.0 Lab. Structural organization of the human body: gross and microscopic structure of the integumentary, skeletal, muscular, nervous, sensory, endocrine, cardiovascular, lymphatic, respiratory, digestive, excretory, and reproductive systems, from cellular to organ system levels of organization. Includes dissection in lab. A cadaver is observed in this course. PREREQUISITE: Biological Science 10 or Biology 15 or Biology 12 with a grade of credit or C or better. (C-ID: BIOL 110B) ADVISORY: Eligible for English 250, English 260 and Mathematics 430. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Spring 2017.
BIO 8General Microbiology (5.0)Active
4.0 Lecture, 3.0 Lab. An introduction to microbiology with an emphasis on bacteriology. Includes the study of morphology, physiology and classification of microorganisms, a survey of infectious disease, immunology and techniques for culture and control of microorganisms. This course is also listed as Allied Health 8. PREREQUISITE: Biological Science 10 or 15 with a grade of credit or C or better. ADVISORY: Chemistry 30A and Chemistry 30B; Eligible for English 250, English 260 and Mathematics 205. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Fall 2016.
BIO 9Human Physiology (5.0)Active
4.0 Lecture, 3.0 Lab. Study of the physiological principles, function, integration and homeostasis of the human body at the cellular, tissue, organ, organ system and organism level: integumentary system, bone, skeletal, smooth and cardiac muscles, nervous system, sensory organs, cardiovascular system, lymphatic and immune systems, respiratory system, urinary system, endocrine system, and reproduction system. This course is also listed as Allied Health 9. (C-ID: BIOL 120B) PREREQUISITE: Chemistry 30A, Biological Science 7 or 15 with a grade of credit or C or Better. ADVISORY: Chemistry 30B; eligible for English 250, English 260 and Mathematics 205. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Summer 2017.
BIO 10Principles of Biology (4.0)Historical
3.0 Lecture, 3.0 Lab. An introductory biology course covering functions at the cellular and organismal levels. Includes study of the basic principles of metabolism, heredity, evolution and ecology. Primarily for non-biological science majors. ADVISORY: Eligible for English 250, English 260 and Mathematics 430. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Fall 2017 to Summer 2020.
BIO 10Principles of Biology (4.0)Active
3.0 Lecture, 3.0 Lab. An introductory biology course covering functions at the cellular and organismal levels. Includes study of the basic principles of metabolism, heredity, evolution and ecology. Primarily for non-biological science majors. ADVISORY: Eligible for English 280 and Mathematics 430 or skills equivalent to those in an Elementary Algebra course. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Summer 2020.
BIO 11Nutrition (3.0)Active
3.0 Lecture. This course is designed to meet the needs of the Allied Health student and the general education student alike. The major aim of this course is to help the student acquire relevant information about nutrition which they can use professionally and/or personally. The course will cover the practical aspects of normal nutrition, ways to promote sound eating habits throughout the life cycle, and physiological contribution nutrients make to body structure and function. This course is also listed as AH 11. PREREQUISITE: Eligible for English 1A. ADVISORY: Chemistry 30A and Mathematics 205 (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Spring 2015.
BIO 12Introduction to Human Biology (4.0)Active
3.0 Lecture, 3.0 Lab. This course will provide an introduction to human biology for non-science majors to meet general education laboratory science requirements. It will cover the biologic principles of basic body structure and function including all systems of the body, genetic diseases, and current biotechnological advances as well as encompass the relationship between humans and their environment and ecosystems. This course satisfies the same general education life science requirements as Biology 10 and Ecology 1. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Fall 2017.
BIO 13Marine Biology (4.0)Active
3.0 Lecture, 3.0 Lab. The course provides a comprehensive overview of marine ecosystems, emphasizing the diversity of life inhabiting them. The physical, chemical and ecological features of the marine environment are reviewed and the evolutionary adaptations that allowed marine organisms to survive are emphasized. Although the overall focus will include ecosystems found in both tropical, subtropical, temperate and arctic regions, many of the practical examples will be drawn from the rich ecosystems of the central California coast and labs will provide hands-on experience of the diversity of life forms found in this area. Practical exercises will include viewing of specimen in the laboratory, short documentaries followed by discussion and field trips to coastal locations within the Monterey Bay and vicinity to view and explore specific ecosystems such as kelp forests, the intertidal, and estuarine areas, as well as learn about local marine species such as birds and mammals. ADVISORY: Eligible for English 250, English 260 and Mathematics 430. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Fall 2017.
BIO 15Survey of Human Anatomy and Physiology (5.0)Active
4.0 Lecture, 3.0 Lab. An introductory study of the structure and function of the human body. Includes study at the cellular and organ system levels, emphasizing integration of systems. Note that a cadaver will be observed in this course. This course is also listed as Allied Health 15. ADVISORY: Biology 10 or Biology 12 with a grade of 'C' or better. Eligible for English 280 and Mathematics 430 or skills equivalent to those in an Elementary Algebra course. Course will include the viewing of a cadaver. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Summer 2020.
BIO 15Survey of Human Anatomy and Physiology (5.0)Historical
4.0 Lecture, 3.0 Lab. An introductory study of the structure and function of the human body. Includes study at the cellular and organ system levels, emphasizing integration of systems. Note that a cadaver will be observed in this course. This course is also listed as Allied Health 15. ADVISORY: Biology 10 or Biology 12 with a grade of 'C' or better. Eligible for English 250, English 260 and Mathematics 430. Course will include the viewing of a cadaver. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Spring 2019 to Summer 2020.
BIO 21Field Ecology (1.0-4.0)Active
1.0-4.0 Lecture. Introduces concepts in ecology, plant and animal identification, natural history, and habitat assessment in a field setting. The class will have a two hour preliminary meeting to prepare for two successive meetings to local habitats. Camping is not required. Outings will be rescheduled in the case of inclement weather. This course has the option of a letter grade or pass/no pass. ADVISORY: Eligible for English 250 and Math 205. (Option of a standard letter grade or Pass/no pass.) Effective: Fall 2014.
BIO 23Independent Study (1.0-2.0)Active
3.0-6.0 TBA. Designed to afford selected students specialized opportunities for exploring areas at the independent study level. The courses may involve extensive library work, research in the community, or special projects. May be repeated until six units of credit are accrued. This course has the option of a letter grade or pass/no pass. REQUIRED: The study outline prepared by the student and the instructor must be filed with the department and the dean. (Option of a standard letter grade or Pass/no pass.) Effective: Spring 2011.

.

.


BIOT 103Biotechnology Lab Skills and Instrumentation (4.0)Active
2.0 Lecture, 6.0 Lab. Introduction to biotechnology laboratory skills. Techniques will include DNA isolation, DNA fingerprinting, cloning, restriction mapping, and Southern blotting. Includes the use and care of instruments such as centrifuges, mechanical and micropipettes, and electronic balances. Will also include keeping of a notebook, report writing, and calculations. ADVISORY: Eligible for English 250. PREREQUISITE: Completion of BIO 1 with a grade of C or better; may be taken concurrently. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Spring 2015.
BIOT 104Seminar in Biotechnology (1.0)Active
1.0 Lecture. This course will survey careers in biotechnology and ethical issues in biotechnology. (Standard Letter Grade.) Effective: Spring 2015.

.

.


The Area of Emphasis for Studies in Natural Science recognizes the integrated role that Biology, Chemistry, Physics, and Mathematics play in the description and understanding of our everyday world.
Learning Outcome(s):
  1. Employing the scientific method as a basis for evaluating theoretical and laboratory derived information, students will gain an understanding of the biological and/or physical worlds. Students will also gain a working familiarity with mathematics and an understanding of mathematics as it applies to modeling in the sciences and as an elegant stand-alone discipline.
REQUIREMENTS:
Units: 18
BIO 8
General Microbiology (Active)
5
or
AH 8
General Microbiology (Active)
5
BIO 9
Human Physiology (Active)
5
or
AH 9
Human Physiology (Active)
5
BIO 15
Survey of Human Anatomy and Physiology (Active)
5
or
AH 15
Survey of Human Anatomy and Physiology (Active)
5
BIO 1
Cell and Molecular Biology (Historical)
4
BIO 4
General Zoology (Active)
4
BIO 5
General Botany (Active)
4
BIO 7
Human Anatomy (Active)
4
BIO 21
Field Ecology (Active)
1-4
CHEM 1A
General Chemistry (Active)
5
CHEM 1B
General Chemistry (Active)
5
CHEM 12A
Organic Chemistry (Active)
5
CHEM 12B
Organic Chemistry (Active)
5
ECOL 1
Conservation of Natural Resources (Active)
4
GEOL 1
Introduction to Geology (Active)
4
MATH 1A
Single-Variable Calculus and Analytic Geometry (Historical)
4
MATH 1B
Single-Variable Calculus and Analytic Geometry (Historical)
4
MATH 1C
Multivariable Calculus (Historical)
4
MATH 2
Linear Algebra (Active)
3
MATH 2C
Differential Equations (Active)
3
MATH 5
Introduction to Statistics (Active)
3
MATH 7
Finite Mathematics (Historical)
3
MATH 8A
First Half of Precalculus (Historical)
4
MATH 8B
Second Half of Precalculus (Active)
4
PHYS 2A
General Physics I (Historical)
4
PHYS 2B
General Physics II (Historical)
4
PHYS 4A
Physics for Scientists and Engineers - Mechanics (Historical)
4
PHYS 4B
Physics for Scientists and Engineers - Electricity and Magnetism (Historical)
4
PHYS 4C
Physics for Scientists and Engineers - Heat, Optics, Modern Physics (Historical)
4
General Education Requirements:
Units: 35-39
A student may complete the Gavilan College A.A./A.S. general education, the CSU-GE Breadth or the IGETC pattern, plus sufficient electives to meet a 60 unit total. See a counselor for details. NOTE: A course may be used to satisfy both general education and major requirements. See "Double Counting Rule".
Total: 53-57

.

.